This basic course is designed for a wide audience: for people interested in labour law, human rights, corporate social responsibility, social policy, labour management and the functioning of international organizations. Furthermore, this course will also pave the way for more in-depth study of other subjects related to international, social and labour law. Throughout the 7 modules we underline the practical value of the knowledge we provide you with, so that you know the different options available to defend your labour rights. This way, we connect the theoretical know-how about the scope and content of the most important international labour standards with practical applicability.
This course is particularly useful for lawyers working in the field of labour law or human rights, as well as for trade union representatives, NGO staff, CSR officers and teachers in labour law and social policy. One of the unique features of this course is the involvement of prof. Jean-Michel Servais, who is one of the world’s leading experts in the field of international labour law and who has worked at the heart of the International Labour Organization for many years.
In short, the course is designed to provide you with a combination of theoretical knowledge and practical skills on international labour law. After completing our course, you will not only understand the content of the standards and instruments involved, but also know how to use the procedures of the international system to secure those rights.
Module 1. General part: The Subject, Method, System and Sources of International Labor Law
Module 2. ILO Law
Module 3. The Critical Assessment of the ILO’s One Hundred Years Quest for Social Justice
Module 4. International and Regional Human Rights Instruments as Sources of ILL
Module 5. The Relevance of the ECHR to Labour Rights Protection
Module 6. International Labour Standards and Responsibilities of Corporate Actors
Module 7. The Efficiency of International Labour Standards
The course is also available in Russian.
The course prepared by one of the best Russian experts in constitutional law will focus on political, economic and cultural dimensions of the Russian constitutional system. Historical background of constitutional reforms and today developments will be discussed, basing on concrete examples of these developments.
The course will both observe the specific of the Russian constitutional system in comparison to the other constitutional systems and penetrate into the key characteristics of the Russian constitution. Since adoption of the current Russian constitution of 1993 this constitutional system made a great evolution. The course will help to understand what ideas and concepts stand behind the Russian politics, both domestic and international, which principles lie in the basement of the legal framework for cultural, political and economic life of the Russian society. Foreigners and Russians see the Russian constitutional system in the «distorting mirror» of mass media; both of them need professional analysis of how the legal, governmental and economic systems are designed in Russia. The course will present this kind of analysis by a Russian scholar, familiar to contemporary development of constitutionalism in the world, who is able to present the view from inside Russia, but to position the Russian constitutional system in the a wide context of the world constitutionalism.
Week 1. Historical framework of the Russian constitutional development
Week 2. Constitutional exceptionalism: Russian case
Week 3. Human rights in Russia
Week 4. Political system of Russia
Week 5. Russian constitutional economics
For bachelor, masters, PhD students in biology, as well as their lecturers and advisors, also researchers, motivated secondary school students, and readers interested in modern biology
Life on Earth appears to be dominated by higher plants and animals. Yet an immense variety of microbial eukaryotes swarm in the foliage, grass, soil, bogs, ponds, streams, lakes, and oceans. These inconspicuous organisms are flagellates, algae, ciliates, sarcodines, slime molds, apicomplexans. This assemblage is generally termed the protists. Our course is to build a comprehensive picture of protistan diversity. The major steps of eukaryotic evolution will be in focus. By tracking phylogenetic affinities in protistan lineages we will elucidate the major branches on the tree of eukaryotic life.
Many protists are unicellular. This single cell is simultaneously a self-sufficient organism, which is able to sense, move, feed, and repulse an attack on its own. Therefore, protistan cells often demonstrate greater complexity of organelles, structures, and controls than the specialized cells of metazoan animals and higher plants. We will explore how free-living and parasitic unicells implement locomotion, food acquisition, digestion, osmotic regulation, and how they accomplish their life cycle. We also will look into how protists interact with the environment and manage to be biological success.
Within the six modules, we will speak of (1) what protists are, (2) flagellates, (3) sarcodines and slime molds, (4) ciliates, (5) apicomplexans and microsporidians, and (6) finally we will go over the modern phylogeny, will summarize life histories and discuss evolutionary trends in free-living and parasitic protists. This online course will have an optional on-campus extension, when the students have one week of practical exercises in the lab. Using light microscopy, they will observe, explore, and document live specimens and fixed mounts of naked and testate amoebas, foraminiferans, radiolarians, heliozoans, myxomycetes, flagellates, ciliates, gregarines, and coccidians.
Week 1. Introduction. Protists – what are they? Introduction to the modern system of eukaryotes.
Week 2. Flagellates.
Week 3. Ameboid protists.
Week 4. Ciliates.
Week 5. Apicomplexans.
Week 6. Conclusion. The Modern phylogeny of eukaryotes. A Single cell as an an organism with full functionality. Protists as a separate evolutionary trend.
Russia is one of two world powers with the most powerful nuclear аrsenal. Nuclear weapons play a big role in politics ensuring military security. At the same time, Russia is a party to the international nuclear non-proliferation regime and pursues an active policy in this field. In addition, there is also a bilateral Russian-American regime of nuclear arms control. All this has a serious impact on international security.
The course material will help to understand the details of Russia’s policy, to understand the reasons for actions of Russia in the field of nuclear arms control, impact of Russia on the development of regimes. In this example you will learn the basic approaches and methods used in modern strategic studies when analysing the politics of states in the sphere of military security.
Week 1. Introduction
Week 2. Nuclear weapon: what’s in a name?
Week 3. Nuclear arms control
Week 4. The legacy of the Cold War
Week 5. Strategic nuclear arms control: from limitations to reductions
Week 6. Russia — U.S. nuclear arms control regime
Week 7. Challenges to the regime
For bachelors, master degree students and anyone who is interested in political sciences.
The course introduces the political system, the process of policy- and decision-making, and the specifics of public policy in Russia.
The course is designed to study the features of the political structure of modern Russia. It contains both general information on the institutional, procedural and value components of the political system and public policy in Russia, as well as a description of the problems, contradictions and prospects for the political development of the country. The course contains three main modules: (1) the political system and regime in Russia: state institutions, political parties, civil society; (2) the public policy process in Russia: the mechanisms for elaborating, adopting and implementing policies and decisions; (3) directions and problems of economic and social policy in Russia: development based on stabilization. The course is aimed at those listeners who want to gain systematic knowledge of politics in Russia, as well as those who are focused on studying Russia’s political development in complex and uncertain contexts. Studying the course students can choose the level of the course (general or in-depth), focusing on video material, information, discussions, forums, evaluations and interactive communication with teachers. The advanced level of the course development assumes the active participation of students in discussions, forums and project assignments. The overall mission of the course is to develop students’ objective political knowledge about Russia and their ability to make critical scientific analysis and assessment.
Week 1. Russian Political System: Constitutional Design and Regime Constellation
Week 2. Russian Party System and Civic Society Development
Week 3. Russian Public Policy Stages: From Stabilization and ‘2GDP’ to Modernization and Development
Week 4. Public administration reform: institutional capacity building in Russia
Week 5.: Citizens’ Engagement for Improved Policy-Making in Russia
Week 6. Russian public policy and development
For — Postgraduate course for non-medical graduates – specialists in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Bioengineering, Cybernetics, Psychology.
For graduate education of medical students after 2 years of basic sciences.
For improvement of professionals, for certified medical educators.
The course is useful to all those who are interested in human sciences.
For Doctors of related disciplines.
The course covers the fundamentals of General Pathophysiology, a key basic medical science essential for a physician. Pathophysiology serves as integrative core in the system of medical knowledge.
The course is designated for medical and biology students and for specialists of biological/chemical/physical/psycological profiles involved in medical research and clinical projects. It is also useful for postgraduate refreshing and self-studies of medical specialists.
The course describes subject and methods of Pathophysiology, its place within system of biomedical sciences and history. It includes General Nosology, gives systematic of typical pathological processes: arterial, venous and combined hyperemiae, stasis, inflammation, immunopathological processes, fever, stress, shock, etc. Course deals with different aspects of typical pathologic processes. It contains the analysis of the injury and defensive responses as regards separate cells, organs and tissues and the whole organism. The lectures based on author’s original three-volumed textbook and workshop in Pathophysiology re-published in Russia many times.
1. Subject and methods of Pathophysiology. History of Pathophysiology.
2. Reactivity and resistance. Genetical basis of Pathophysiology.
3. Pathoinformatics of the cell.
4. Locally driven typical pathological processes.
5. Pathophysiology of inflammation.
6. Fundamentals of Immunopathology Immune response, its sanogenic and pathogenic aspects. disease.
7. Systemically driven typical pathological processes.
8. Stress as typical neuroendocrine response of the whole organism towards extraordinary stimuli.
This is a complex of 4 courses which are taught in Russian language
1. Russian as a Foreign Language B1+. Part 1.
2. Russian as a Foreign Language B1+. Part 2.
3. Russian as a Foreign Language B2-1.
4. Russian as a Foreign Language B2-2.
The goal of this complex of courses is to summarize in a comprehensive way the knowledge and communicative skills of Russian as a Foreign Language in the framework of level B1. This complex has a cross-cultural context, it introduces the listener to the Russian lifestyle and way of thinking.
The content of the courses is created by authors of popular student’s books of Russian as a foreign language — «Zolotoye pero», «Okno v Rossiyu», «Russkoye pole», «Takaya raznaya Rossiya», «Russkiy yasik. Uchebnik dlia prodvinutih». We created these courses for those, who want to perfect their Russian language by repeating some difficult moments from level B1 and reach a sufficient level in their B2-2. These course will be helpful for foreign university entrants, who plan to graduate from a Russian university, as well as for those who are already in their freshman bachelor year and have some troubles adjusting to a new environment.
The course includes educational video lectures, podcasts, authentic texts for reading and listening, blocks of grammar, speaking and cross-reference assignments. With the aid of cross-reference assignments learners will be able to create their own written and oral texts concerning real communication goals and challenges, and assess the texts created by their peers.
The complex of 4 courses consists of 26 weeks, in which you can summarize your knowledge of the topics included in the Standard TRKI-1 and reach half of the level of TRKI-2.
This course represents an introduction to computational geometry – a branch of algorithm theory that aims at solving problems about geometric objects. Its application areas include computer graphics, computer-aided design and geographic information systems, robotics, and many others. You will learn to apply to this end various algorithmic approaches, and asses their strong and weak points in a particular context, thus gaining an ability to choose the most appropriate method for a concrete problem.
We will cover a number of core computational geometry tasks, such as testing point inclusion in a polygon, computing the convex hull of a point set, intersecting line segments, triangulating a polygon, and processing orthogonal range queries. Special attention will be paid to a proper representation of geometric primitives and evaluation of geometric predicates, which are crucial for an efficient implementation of an algorithm.
Each module includes a selection of programming tasks that will help you both to strengthen the newly acquired knowledge and improve your competitive coding skills.
During the course, you’ll learn everything needed to participate in real competitions — that’s the main goal. Along the way you’ll also gain useful skills for which competitive programmers are so highly valued by employers: ability to write efficient, reliable, and compact code, manage your time well when it’s limited, apply basic algorithmic ideas to real problems, etc.
We start from the very beginning by teaching you what competitions there are, what are their rules, what specifics problems have, how to read problem statements, how to organize your work, and what you should and shouldn’t do. So it’s fine if you’ve never taken part in programming competitions before.
We’ll focus on skills essential to competitive programming: inventing solutions and proving their correctness, estimating their running time, testing and debugging programs, how to benefit from structuring code. We’ll also cover basic algorithmic ideas: brute force search, dynamic programming, greedy algorithms, segment trees.
On competitions, there are a lot of specific pitfalls, perilous to beginners — but that’s not to worry, as we’ll go through the most common of them: integer overflow and issues with fractional numbers, troubles of particular programming languages, how to get unstuck in general.
«Quantum Computing» is among those terms that are widely discussed but often poorly understood. The reasons of this state of affairs may be numerous, but possibly the most significant among them is that it is a relatively new scientific area, and it’s clear interpretations are not yet widely spread. The main obstacle here is the word «quantum», which refers to quantum mechanics — one of the most counter-intuitive ways to describe our world.
But fear not! This is not a course on quantum mechanics. We will gently touch it in the beginning and then leave it apart, concentrating on the mathematical model of quantum computer, generously developed for us by physicists. This doesn’t mean that the whole course is mathematics either (however there will be enough of it). We will build a simple working quantum computer with our bare hands, and we will consider some algorithms, designed for bigger quantum computers which are not yet developed.
The course material is designed for those computer scientists, engineers and programmers who believe, that there’s something else than just HLL programming, that will move our computing power further into infinity.
Since the course is introductory, the only prerequisites are complex numbers and linear algebra. These two are required and they have to be enough.
This join course created by SPbU and ETU includes 5 modules dedicated to different stages of the system development. Its modules represent several widely separated fields of biomedical engineering. We interconnect them by applying the knowledge from them all to a common task – the development of a prototype of an mHealth ECG system with built-in data-driven signal processing and analysis. Working on this task throughout the course, you will acquire a knowledge on how these branches of science, including electronics, mathematics, data science and programming are applied together in a real project. Pieces of hardware and software, as well as the data sets that we utilize in this course are the same components that we use in our work developing prototypes of devices and algorithms for our tasks in science and engineering.
The course is a joint work of St Petersburg University and Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University ETU («LETI»).
Note that the goal of the course is not to provide you with fundamental knowledge on any of the topics highlighted in the modules, but to give you some useful skills on implementing them in practical tasks.
Game theory is devoted to study of mathematical models for processes, such as competition in the economy, political conflicts, voting problems, pricing, cooperative research agreements or strategic cooperation agreements. Using corresponding mathematical models, it is possible to predict the result of conflict, formulate a stable cooperative agreement and forecast the price dynamics. With the help of game theory, we are able to model different processes in which several parties with intersecting or related interests take part.
In the course, we will try to find answers to the following questions:
— What result can be achieved in agents interaction, where each one of them acts rationally and strives for its goal?
— What kind of cooperation types exist, what principles of optimality can be used in each of the types?
— How can we agree on cooperation, how to honestly divide profits or how to agree without redistributing profits?
— How to choose optimality principle, which would be beneficial to the participants for a long period of time?
— What are the approaches for application of game theory in the real life?
This course is designed for people who intend to perform business in Russia.
The entrepreneur constantly functions in the legal field: creates his enterprise, acquires property, concludes transactions, interacts with control and supervisory state bodies and bodies of the judicial system. Success of business and fate of the entrepreneur himself depend on the choice of the form of entrepreneurial activity, knowledge of his or her rights and obligations, on the correct response to legal and illegal actions of employees of government and management. That is why knowledge of law and ability to use legal tools in order to achieve goals are important for an entrepreneur no less than knowledge in the field of economics, finance and management.
The course gives a general overview on the most important issues such as: Russian political, legal and judicial systems, foreign investment policy, foreign trade, most common forms of legal presence in Russia for foreign investors, regulation on business activity in Russia etc
The course gives a concise survey of the Chinese character-writing tradition. You’ll master the fundamentals of the Chinese writing aesthetics; learn about the main phases of the characters’ evolution and about the great calligraphers of the past. You are going to distinguish 6 types of the Chinese written symbols, become skilled in history of Chinese scripts and possibility of their modern usage. You’ll get the explanation of the 214 Chinese character radicals (the first part in Part 1 of the Course, the second — in Part 2) and can practice their writing, using the animated and static samples given in videos and on pages. Elaborate tests are going to help you regularizing the new information and filling the lacunae.
Welcome to the mysterious world of the Chinese characters! You will definitely love it!
If you just finished the first course, you will definitely love the second one!
The course gives a concise survey of the Chinese character-writing tradition. You’ll master the fundamentals of the Chinese writing aesthetics; maintain the main techniques, gain more knowledge about writing tools and materials You’ll get the explanation of the 214 Chinese character radicals (the first part in Part 1 of the Course, the second — in Part 2) and can practice their writing, using the animated and static samples given in videos and on pages. Elaborate tests are going to help you regularizing the new information and filling the lacunae.
Welcome to the mysterious world of the Chinese characters!
The aim of the course is to provide an advanced knowledge and expertise of the contemporary Russian business environment and the latest strategies and practices required to do successful business in Russia.
Students will learn the peculiarities of Russian economy in the context of the development of international economic relations; assess the role of Russia in the global economy and trends in Russian economic cooperation with its main partner countries; acquire the knowledge about Russian business culture and features of establishing and promoting business on the Russian market.
We are going to talk about Contemporary literature specifically, but it doesn’t include only the literature of the most recent years. It is technically a course on the history of literature, but the history starting from the late Soviet period up until today. The goal is to show you the best writers’ names, so that you may remember them and read their works after the end of this course. The course will show you the tendencies that were developing in Russian literature in last 25 years, and finally to come to it’s present state, in this way forming a journey across the vast sea that is called Russian Literature. Good luck!
Quantum information and quantum computations is a new, rapidly developing branch of physics that has arisen from quantum mechanics, mathematical physics and classical information theory. Significant interest in this area is explained by the great prospects that will open upon the implementation of its ideas, capturing almost all areas of human activity related to the transfer, storage and processing of information.
The purpose of this course is to show the basic ideas of quantum informatics, as well as the physical laws and basic mathematical principles. Much attention is paid to such phenomena as quantum entanglement, quantum parallelism, and quantum interference. It is these phenomena that underlie most of the known quantum protocols and algorithms, which are devoted to individual sections of this course. In particular, from the course, students will learn about quantum teleportation, quantum algorithms, quantum error correction and other topics related to the quantum computations theory.
As a result of the course, the students will be able to master the modern mathematical apparatus of quantum mechanics used in quantum computations, master the ideas that underlie the most important quantum logic algorithms and protocols for transmitting and processing quantum information, and learn how to solve problems on these topics.
The course consists of six modules, which are arranged in two parts. The first part (Modules 1-2) focuses on the mathematical apparatus and the foundations of Quantum Mechanics. Physical laws and processes which underlay quantum computations are extensively described. In the second part of the course (Modules 3-6), we show how quantum computations, quantum logic algorithms and protocols of quantum information transfer could be implemented using the laws of quantum physics and phenomena discussed in the first part.
Module 1 focuses on the postulates of Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Information Theory. We introduce the important concept of a qubit and consider variants of its physical implementation. Certain statistical aspects of quantum theory are discussed. The concept of density matrix and separability, the notion of pure and mixed quantum states are introduced. In Module 2 we focus on the phenomenon of quantum entanglement and the mathematical description of entangled physical systems. We also describe an experiment aimed to test Bell inequalities and consider the well-known EPR paradox. In Module 3 we compare classical and quantum computations. Particularly, elementary logical elements (gates) and the simplest commutation schemes are described. The distinctive features of quantum computations are explained in Module 4. In particular, the No-Cloning theorem is proved, which forbids one to copy a qubit, quantum parallelism and superdense coding are discussed. We also describe in detail the protocol of quantum teleportation and give an example of its physical implementation. The well-known quantum logic algorithms are described in Module 5, these are Deutsch and Deutsch-Jozsa algorithms, Quantum Fourier Transform and Shor’s algorithms for integer factorization. In Module 6 we discuss quantum and classical error correction theory: we highlight their differences and similarities, classify the possible error types and describe protocols of their correction.
The material is given in a form of short but informative videos with presentations and a detailed syllabus. At the end of every module, there are tests and control tasks according to the discussed topics. The tasks are organized in the form of problems and tests with multiple choice. Every module is supplemented with a literature list, which contains references on the mentioned researches and extra sources for self-study.
Solid knowledge in linear algebra and calculus, basic knowledge in atom and quantum physics. Interest in quantum physics and quantum information theory.
Module 1. Statistical aspects of quantum mechanics. Qubit. Physical implementation of a qubit. Qubits as a quantum unit of information. Bloch Sphere. Pure and mixed states of quantum systems. Density matrix and its properties. Qubit systems. Inseparability of quantum systems. The reduced density matrix.
Module 2. Quantum entanglement. Schmidt decomposition. Bellstates. EPR paradox. Bell inequalities.
Module 3. Classical and quantum logical operations. General principles of classical computations. The simplest classical computations. Landauer principle. Reversible gates. Pauli matrices. Single-qubit logic gates. Controlled quantum logic gates.
Module 4.Distinctivefeaturesofquantumcomputations. No-cloningtheorem. Superdense coding. Quantumteleportation. Experimentonqubitquantumteleportation. Quantumparallelism.
Module 5. Quantum Algorithms. Deutsch algorithm. Deutsch–Jozsa algorithm. Quantum Fourier Transform. Eigenvalue algorithm. Shor’s algorithm for integer factorization.
Module 6.Basics of error correction theory. Distinctive features of classical error correction theory. Classical three-bit code. Distinctive features of quantum error correction theory. Three-qubit code.
The student who completed this course should:
• fundamental concepts of quantum mechanics and the quantum information theory;
• The most important protocols for the transfer and processing of quantum information;
• The most important quantum logic algorithms;
• The basic protocols of the classical and quantum error correction theory.
To be able to
• work with classical and quantum circuits;
• solve problems in the quantum information theory.
• mathematical apparatus of quantum mechanics used in the quantum information theory.
Russian is considered to be one of the world’s most difficult languages. This course is aimed at helping those who are interested in understanding the basics of the Russian language, and preparing learners to further their language acquisition.
Upon completion of the course students will have learned: the structure of Russian alphabet; how to write and read in Russian; how to pronounce Russian words; and recognise particular sounds and words in speech. After completing the course learners can continue to explore the language on Russian for Beginners 1.
The course contains extensive video and audio materials on the basics of Russian phonetics. More than 150 exercises are provided for the learners to apply the knowledge they will learn on the course.
Russian is considered to be one of the world’s most difficult languages. This course is aimed at helping those who are interested in understanding the basics of Russian language. Every unit of the course consists of several parts explaining vocabulary, phonetics (pronunciation), grammar, and provides examples of simple dialogues in Russian.
Upon completion of the course students will have learned: the structure of simple narrative and interrogative sentences; the formation of Russian names; the three genders of nouns; the difference between Russian adjectives and adverbs, and their uses; the use of verbs in the Present and Past tense as well as their conjugation.
The course contains more than 100 new words and conversational phrases providing the learner with a basic vocabulary for everyday communication.
Russian is considered to be one of the world’s most difficult languages. This course aimed at helping those who are interested in understanding the Russian language. Every unit of the course consists of several parts explaining vocabulary, phonetics (pronunciation), grammar, and provides examples of simple dialogues in Russian. Russian for Beginners 2 continues to explain the basics of Russian to those who have already completed the first part of the course (Russian for Beginners 1).
Upon completion of the course students will have learned: the main Russian verbs of movement as well as their conjugation in the Past, Present and Future tense; the formation of Genitive, Dative Prepositional case of Russian nouns, pronouns and adjectives; the formation of cardinal and ordinal numerals.
The course contains more than 150 new words and conversational phrases providing the learner with a basic vocabulary for everyday communication on such topics as shopping, traveling, life in a city and personal activities.
This course introduces the key principles and goals of modern neurolinguistics. Neurolinguistics is a science that incorporates methods and paradigms of linguistics and neuroscience.
This course discusses the main units and organizational principles of the human nervous system that underlie our language capacity. You will learn about the neurophysiological aspects of first and second language learning, discover clinical research in speech, reading and writing disorders, and also find out about speech disorders accompanying various psychiatric conditions. The course includes information on the history of neurolinguistics, modern techniques and methods of neurolinguistic research, and also provides detailed examples of several recent studies in the field.
The outline of the course
Module 1 introduces you to the main ideas and history of neurolinguistics. In this module you will learn how the human brain is organized and which cortical areas provide the basis for our language capacity. It also touches upon neuroevolution and the differences between the human brain and the brains of other mammals.
In Module 2 you will learn about modern methods and techniques of neurolinguistic research, such as EEG, MEG, intracranial EEG, evoked and induced potentials.
Module 3 continues the discussion of neurolinguistic research methods, introducing you to the fMRI method. It also provides examples of three recent neurolinguistic studies, detailing every stage: how the experiments were planned and conducted, and how the data was analysed.
Module 4 discusses how children learn their first and second languages. It also touches upon the differences in the ways monolinguals and bilinguals process linguistic information.
Modules 5 and 6 deal with clinical research in neurolinguistics. In Module 5 you will learn about aphasia. We will discuss the underlying causes of this disorder, its main types and different approaches to their classification and assessment. You will also learn about linguistic models based on aphasia data.
Module 6 continues the topic of clinical research in neurolinguistics. In this module you will learn about auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia, their causes and treatment. This module also discusses brain asymmetry with regards to language and dichotic listening as a means of studying brain asymmetry.
Module 7 is devoted to dyslexia and its comorbidities. This module will introduce you to four different approaches to dyslexia. You will also learn what longitudinal studies can tell us about dyslexia.
Centre of E-learning Development is the newest division of the St. Petersburg State University, the purpose of which is to provide access to knowledge for everyone. The combination of academic traditions of the St. Petersburg state University and modern educational technologies of e-learning provides quality education at a convenient time anywhere and to anyone in the world.